Fluencythe ability to read a text accurately, at an appropriate speed, and with expression.Because fluent readers do not have to concentrate as hard on reading the words,they can focus more attention on what the text means (comprehension).There are 6 components of fluency:
Phrasing- reading smoothly, chunking words together into phrases
Accuracy- reading the words correctly
Rate- reading speed; not too fast and not too slow. We should read like we talk.
Punctuation- attending to punctuation as we read; stopping at periods, pausing at commas, etc.
Expression- showing emotion and feeling in your tone according to what you are reading.
Automaticity- able to quickly and accurately identify and read the words.