for Good Readers
Here are some reading skills that the AIS teachers are continually working on with the students.
1. Author's Purpose & Point of View
- The author's purpose can be to inform, entertain, or persuade the reader.
- The point of view lets you know who is telling the story.
- I, me, we, us: The first-person point of view is being used.
- He, she, they: The third person point of view is being used.
- When you summarize a story, you briefly retell it in your own words.
- In retelling, you focus on the main characters and the most important events.
3. Steps in a Process
- A series of steps you follow in order are steps in a process.
- Think of the steps in a process you might have used to solve a problem.
4. Story Elements
- Story elements are setting, characters, and plot.
- The setting is where and when the story takes place. The setting can have an affect on the character.
- The characters are who the story is about.
- The plot is what happens in the story.
5. Sequence of Events
- Events in a story can be organized by sequence, or the order in which the events occur.
- Recognizing the sequence of events can help you better understand what happens in the story.
6. Important & unimportant Information
- Nonfiction writing includes important information that supports the main idea.
- There is also unimportant information can make the story more interesting, but may not directly support the main idea.
7. Context Clues
- You can define an unknown word by using context clues.
- Context clues are the words surrounding the unknown word that give you clues to the word's meaning.
- As you read a story, you probably ask yourself what will happen next.
- To answer that question, you think about clues in the story and your own experiences.
- Then, you make a prediction , or guess, about what will happen.
9. Figurative Language
- Figurative language creates colorful pictures with words. It helps readers understand meaning or see something in a new way.
- A metaphor is a type of figurative language. It compares two things you wouldn't usually put together.
10. Cause & Effect
- Events in a story are connected to each other.
- A cause is the reason why something happens.
- An effect is the result, or what happens.
- An inference is a conclusion or a deduction made from evidence.
- You make inferences based on story details or your own experience.
12. Main Idea & Supporting Details
- Writers sometimes organize information according to the main idea or the most important part of the story.
- Supporting details reinforce the main idea.
13. Draw Conclusions
- Since authors don't always tell readers exactly how the characters feel, it is necessary to draw your own conclusion.
- To draw a conclusion, you rely on what you know from your own life experiences and story clues.
14. Fact & Opinion
- A fact is a statement or idea that can be proven true.
- An opinion, is something that is made up and can be proven to be false. These can be exaggerations of a character's behavior or abilities.
- A generalization is a broad statement, or rule, that may be true.
- To show that a generalization is usually valid, or true, you must be able to give several examples to support it.
- A generalization could be faulty if you can find an instance where the statement does not apply.