• Reading Skills for Good Readers

    Here are some reading skills that the AIS teachers are continually working on with the students.

    1. Author's Purpose & Point of View

    • The author's purpose can be to inform, entertain, or persuade the reader.
    • The point of view lets you know who is telling the story.
    • I, me, we, us: The first-person point of view is being used.
    • He, she, they: The third person point of view is being used.

    2. Summarize

    • When you summarize a story, you briefly retell it in your own words.
    • In retelling, you focus on the main characters and the most important events.

    3. Steps in a Process

    • A series of steps you follow in order are steps in a process.
    • Think of the steps in a process you might have used to solve a problem.

    4. Story Elements


    • Story elements are setting, characters, and plot.
    • The setting is where and when the story takes place.
    • The setting can have an affect on the character.
    • The characters are who the story is about.
    • The plot is what happens in the story.

    5. Sequence of Events

    • Events in a story can be organized by sequence, or the order in which the events occur.
    • Recognizing the sequence of events can help you better understand what happens in the story.

    6. Important & unimportant Information

    • Nonfiction writing includes important information that supports the main idea.
    • There is also unimportant information can make the story more interesting, but may not directly support the main idea.

    7. Context Clues

    • You can define an unknown word by using context clues.
    • Context clues are the words surrounding the unknown word that give you clues to the word's meaning.

    8. Prediction

    • As you read a story, you probably ask yourself what will happen next.
    • To answer that question, you think about clues in the story and your own experiences.
    • Then, you make a prediction , or guess, about what will happen.

    9. Figurative Language

    • Figurative language creates colorful pictures with words. It helps readers understand meaning or see something in a new way.
    • A metaphor is a type of figurative language. It compares two things you wouldn't usually put together.

    10. Cause & Effect

    • Events in a story are connected to each other.
    • A cause is the reason why something happens.
    • An effect is the result, or what happens.

    11. Inference

    • An inference is a conclusion or a deduction made from evidence.
    • You make inferences based on story details or your own experience.

    12. Main Idea & Supporting Details


    • Writers sometimes organize information according to the main idea or the most important part of the story.
    • Supporting details reinforce the main idea.

    13. Draw Conclusions

    • Since authors don't always tell readers exactly how the characters feel, it is necessary to draw your own conclusion.
    • To draw a conclusion, you rely on what you know from your own life experiences and story clues.

    14. Fact & Opinion

    • A fact is a statement or idea that can be proven true.
    • An opinion, is something that is made up and can be proven to be false.
    • These can be exaggerations of a character's behavior or abilities.

    15. Generalizations

    • A generalization is a broad statement, or rule, that may be true.
    • To show that a generalization is usually valid, or true, you must be able to give several examples to support it.
    • A generalization could be faulty if you can find an instance where the statement does not apply.
Last Modified on February 15, 2019