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Lancaster Central School District

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Continuum of Special Education Programs

Based upon recommendations contained in a student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP), the District provides a range of educational programs to appropriately meet the needs of students with disabilities. The overall philosophy in providing such services is to deliver them in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). The LRE means that the student should receive programs and services in the regular (or general) education setting as much as possible while still meeting the needs of the student for specialized instruction or approaches. In other words, a student with a disability should only be placed in a special class or separate school when the nature and severity of the disability is such that even with the use of supplementary aides and services, the education cannot be satisfactorily achieved in the general education setting. Also, it should be noted that different levels of program services can be combined in order to better meet student needs.

Consultant Teacher
Generally speaking, Consultant Teacher (CT) services are provided as the least restrictive program or level of service because such services are provided directly to a SWD in the regular class setting or indirectly to a student’s classroom teacher. More specifically, direct Consultant Teacher services refer to the specially designed instruction that is provided by a special education teacher on an individualized or group basis in a regular education setting. Indirect consultant teacher services refers to consultation provided by a special education teacher to regular education teachers to assist these teachers in adjusting the learning environment or modifying instructional methods to meet the individual needs of students with disabilities who attend their classes.

Resource Room
This program refers to a special education program that can be provided in a special class or a regular class setting for student with disabilities who are in need of specialized supplementary instruction in an individual or small group setting. As such, this service is provided by a special education teacher in small groups of 5 or less students and supplements the instruction provided by the general education program.

Special Class
This program refers to a class consisting of student with disabilities who have been grouped together because of similar individual needs. In this special class setting, a special education teacher provides specially designed instruction to address unique needs of the students and to ensure access to the general education curriculum. Generally speaking, special classrooms in the District contain 12 or less students. Within the District, this would be considered the most restrictive program setting.

Adapted Physical Education
Another program provided by the District refers to a specially designed program of developmental activities, games, and sports that is suited to the interests, capacities, and limitations of students with disabilities. The adapted physical education is provided to students who cannot safely or successfully engage in the activities of the regular physical education program. This program is delivered by a physical education teacher.